Sauro Chrono

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Sauro Chrono is the new piece, coming out from an extraordinary new collection of men’s watches presented by Dino Zei. Such watch with its essential and refined lines, it is the Dino Zei’s tribute to the sea and to the Nazario Sauro’s achievement, such an irredentist hero to whom he owes his name. The piece is precious in its simplicity, furthermore the design of Sauro Chrono is a concentrate of elegance, technical avant-garde and stylistic topicality. The perfect object, designed to meet the aesthetic need of a new man, sure of himself and able to face the challenges of life without ever giving in to the compromise of easy practical arrangements.
A determined, indomitable man. Heroic.

Sauro Chrono

Sauro Chrono is the new, stunning collection signed by Dino Zei. A series dominated by an essential, elegant design. Inspired in every single detail by the sea and heroic deeds of Nazario Sauro, the italian patriot which its name is derived. Precious in its simplicity, the design of Sauro Chrono is pure elegance, technical avantgarde and contemporary style. Sauro Chrono is the perfect item, designed to satisfy the hunger of beauty of a new, self confident man able to face the daily challenges without bends to compromises.

Sauro Chrono Models

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Steel

Men’s watches with stainless steel case and silver dial

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Drass

Men’s watches with drass steel case and blue dial

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Ox-pro

Men’s watches with Ox-pro steel case and black dial

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Titanium

Men’s watches with titanium case and silver-blue dial

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Bronze

Men’s watches with Bronze case and champagne dial

Steel

Stainless steel watch case with argentée dial

Drass

Drass steel watch case with blu dial

Ox-pro

Ox pro steel watch case with black dial

Titanium

Titanium watch case with argenté dial and blu details

Bronze

Bronze watch case with champagne dial

Technical Details
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Watch Case 47 mm

Stainless steel ( Satin, Drass, Ox Pro), Titanium or Bronze Marine.

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Movement

Automatic Cronograph Sellita SW500

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Glass

Scratchproof sapphire glass

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Spheres

Spheres with luminol tratment

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Crown

Decagonal crown in Stainless Steel (Satin, Drass, Ox-pro), Bronze Marine or Titanium

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Back Cover

Back cover with offset round window

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Dial

Dial with luminol treatmen

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Strap and Buckle

Leather or tissue with buckle in stainless steel (Satin, Drass, Ox pro), Bronze Marine or Titanium with Dino Zei logo.

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Impermeability

Diving capacity up to 30 Bar.

Made in Italy Glamour

Attention to detail is what has always distinguished Dino Zei men’s watches.
We care about and we study every detail that can enrich the aesthetics and functionality of our products, and it is for us a source of pride to say that these small masterpieces are totally d designed and produced in Florence.
The Florentine soul of our watches is reflected in the jeweler workers who have distinguished the entire production of Dino Zei men’s watches since the dawn of our history.

A style trend: the crown

Made entirely from a solid block of steel, the crown is resting on a base that makes the product not only more waterproof but also more protected in the event of a collision. It is distinguished by the clear and precise engraving of the Dino Zei watches logo, created by milling.

The watch case. A technological masterpiece

The case, entirely designed and produced by the internal workers of Dino Zei watches, is built in three pieces and is entirely made from solid piece of steel thanks to a highly technological turning and milling work. The finish of each component of the packaging box, as proof of the high quality of the product, is totally manual.

ADV Dino Zei Orologi. Communicating dreams.

ADV Dino Zei Orologi. Communicating dreams.

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Nazario Sauro
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Nazario Sauro (Capodistria, 20 September 1880 – Pula, 10 August 1916) was an Italian maritime, patriot and irredentist commander native of Istria, at that time the territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Enrolled in the Royal Navy, he reached the rank of vessel lieutenant and, during the Great War, was captured in July 1916 during a mission. Sentenced for high treason by an imperial court, he was executed in Pula. In the same year, on the 10th of August,  he was awarded by Italian government with a gold medal for military valor to memory. He was among the most important figures of Italian irredentism and the highest representative of Istrians.

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Youth in Capodistria

Nazario attended the elementary school with good results and later tried, at the behest of his father, the classical studies, but that was not his real passion, which turned out to be the sea instead; he spent much of his time on a sailboat or a rowing spear from the historic Circolo Canottieri Libertas of Capodistria. His rebellious nature and poor academic results led his father to withdraw him from school and take him on board. The sailor activity started very young and took him to his first command on a merchant ship at the age of twenty. At the age of 24 he enrolled at the Nautical school of Trieste, where he obtained a diploma of great cabotage maritime captain . After serving various shipping companies, in 1910 he moved to the service of the city’s steamboat company of Koper.
In his life as a maritime officer, Sauro commanded several passengers and cargo steamships including Vittor Pisani, Cassiopeia, Carpaccio (owned by the Sauro family), Oltra, Capodistria, Quieto and above all the San Giusto steamer (which after the war would change its name to Nazario Sauro), which shuttled between Koper and Trieste.
During the navigations in the Adriatic sea, he began to have the first contacts with other irredents and to study and annotate every corner of the coast, the seabed, the inlets, the islands and the lands of the Quarnaro and Dalmatia, including the Albanian coasts. Coastal navigations, or entry into harbours of Istria and the Dalmatian coast, also allowed him to gather valuable information on the military defenses that Austria had built and which was preparing  for war, to protect its ports and along the coasts.
He was convinced that sooner or later he would find the opportunity to put this precious information at the disposal of the Italian Navy.

 

Sauro’s ideals

Nazario Sauro, with his democratic and republican faith, emerged from a family of popular traditions and in his early youth was close to socialism, because his simple, good soul and piety towards the lower classes, attracted him by natural inclination towards this political trend.
Later, he broke away from internationalist socialism and moved closer to Mazzini’s social democracy, who saw in the war not only a national solution for Istrian and Trentino lands, but also the possibility of wider democratic developments , convinced him that a Europe of free and independent nations would emerge from the world war. Far from imperialistic positions, he was close to that Mazzinian and republican voluntarism that had in his ranks Scipio Slataper and the Stuparich brothers. During those years Sauro would nourish and consolidate his idealistic spirit and his vision of a unity for Italy, which should also include the lands of Istria and Dalmatia, as well as Trento.
Sauro’s patriotic feelings developed also thanks to family teachings, in particula his mother’s.

 

Conspirator alongside the Albanians

Between 1908 and 1913 Nazario Sauro, in accordance with  Mazzinian principle of the independence, carried out an intense clandestine activity in favor of Albania leading several clandestine expeditions of huge quantities of weapons and ammunition destined to the insurgents in country, which aspired to free themselves from Ottoman rule and Austrian influence. To carry out these clandestine activities, Sauro resorted to several naval sailing units, in particular the Tacitus, which provided him with trusted friends including the owner Costante Camali. The Albanians considered Sauro a trusted and trustworthy friend, they sought him out, asking him for advice; around him a headquarters had formed and Sauro met them when he arrived daily with the San Giusto steamer. In Albanian patriots clubs, Sauro was so popular that an influential Albanian Terenzio Tocci,  jurist and politician used to say “A name, that of Sauro, the real Albanians should never forget”. He was so passionate about Albanian cause that he gave name of Albania to one of his two daughters, the last of five children to whom Sauro gave all patriotic and freedom names: Nino (from Nino Bixio), Libero, Anita (from Anita Garibaldi) and Italo.

 

Transfer to Italy

There were many occasions in which Sauro expressed his opposition to Hapsburg occupation of Istrian soil and his adversity of Austrian police towards every manifestation of Italianness. On the 21st of August 1913 the “Hohenlohe decrees” issued by the governor of Trieste imposed on local companies and public bodies to lay off Italian employees who were not Austrian subjects. Sauro, unable to accept this program , immediately entered into conflict with both maritime government of Trieste and shipping company where he worked.
He never subjected himself to that “anti-Italian law” nor did he bow down to the strong pressures of the Trieste port authority. Since the First World War broke out in August 1914, Sauro, who openly and always expressed Italian feelings, left Koper on September the 2nd 1914 and reached Venice by rail, and with other exiles he supported Italy’s entry into the war against ‘Austria-Hungary. He thus set himself, in advance of the still prudent and neutral Italian foreign policy, in the dual position of conspirator and informer; the latter very risky position by virtue of his being an Austrian citizen: if he would be captured and recognized in Trieste, alone or with his son, bringing false passports or gathering military information, it would have been the gallows. Following the earthquake struck in Marsica region, on the 13th of January 1915, Sauro was among the first to leave to give comfort and help to survivors. A plaque has been exhibited since 1931 at the Municipal Palace of Avezzano and another in Via dei Serpenti in Rome.

 

War Mission

The italian involvement  into the war, Sauro volunteered in the Royal Navy, where he obtained the rank of complement vessel lieutenant. It was destined to Maritime Military Square of Venice and during missions he operated under coverage name of Nicolò Sambo, in order to evade suspicions of its real identity in case of capture. In first months he proposed several action projects in Istrian territory. He sensed and proposed actions and “Pisacane landings “, a combat style that preceeded times by anticipating special corps and naval assaulters, which modern armed forces are used today. His ideas in terms of military strategy, however, did not fit to Italian military strategies, both by sea and by land, still perched on a system of war position and exhausting temporariness. His fervent mind was not exhausted in designing and proposing sabotage actions, but it was also produced in technical-military projects. He designed a buoy-look-submarine with a double accomodation for several days, that would be used as an observation point enemy lines in front of the port of Pula. The oval-shaped buoy had all the devices of a modern submarine to plunge and emerge and was provided with periscope. By means of anchor and chain he would have to remain in a fixed and established position, making it easy for Italian torpedo to find and tow it back at the end of mission. In 14 months of activity Sauro accomplished over sixty missions. In the beginning of  conflict he was employed as a practical pilot on small torpedo boats. At the end of the first year of war, a new commander of operations in the Adriatic, Admiral Paolo Thaon of Revel, changed strategy and imposed a greater activism on Italian ships and submarines, employing them in force actions in Austrian harbours. So Sauro was boarded on ships and submarines in actions to force the ports and enemy military bases of Trieste, Sistiana, Monfalcone, Pirano, Porec and Fiume. In Porec action (took place at dawn on 12th  June 1916), which was supposed to lead the bombing of the air rafts from which seaplanes departed in Venice direction, Sauro was on the destroyer Zeffiro, which entered the Austrian port by mooring given by three Austrian sentries who Sauro addressed in Venetian; from one of the three gendarmes who were captured, Sauro managed to get himself pointed to the location of the hangars. The Italian military command took advantage  in interrogation of Austrian prisoners, from who he obtained information on operations that Austria was organizing against the Italian territory. With submarines he performed several war missions: on the Jalea, in August 1915 and on the submarine Pullino (4th July 1916) with which he carried out an offensive survey in the Gulf of Fiume that led to the damage of an Austrian merchant, the San Marco. The action carried out with the submarine Atropo (3rd and 4th June 1916) led to the sinking of the steamer Albanien, used to transport troops, war material and food.

 

Last Mission

On July the 30th 1916, as an en route officer, he embarked in Venice on the submarine Giacinto Pullino with whom he would have raided on Fiume, but the unit, suddenly moved by the current, went to stumble on the rock of Galiola. In vain all attempts to unstitch, destroyed the on-board ciphers and equipment and prepared for self-sinking, the unit was abandoned by the crew and Sauro, left alone on a boat, was intercepted by the enemy destroyer and taken prisoner. The arrest was followed by the trial in the Austrian Navy Court in Pula. After declaring the false identity of Nicolò Sambo, Sauro was recognized by fellow citizens Giovanni Riccobon, Giovanni Schiavon, by his brother-in-law Luigi Steffè, police marshal in austrian territories. Finally, the dramatic confrontation with the mother who, in order to save him from the gallows, denied knowing him. Condemnation to the death penalty for high treason, by hanging, was carried out in the military prisons of Pula on 10th August 1916. In Italy it was learned about the death of Sauro only 18 days later, on August 28th: his family, who lived in Venice, was informed by Silvio Stringari,  journalist and editor of “Gazzettino”, to whom Sauro in May 1915 had entrusted two letters, one directed to his wife Nina and the other to his sons, with the promise that in case of death he would have brought them to his family. When Gabriele D’Annunzio learned of Sauro’s hanging and became aware about the contents of his letters, called Stringari saying: “I may have disturbed you but I am sure to be forgiven when you know that it is the glorious Nazario Sauro, who chose you as the depositary of two admirable letters of testament, destined to the wife and the son Nino. I intend to illustrate and exalt the figure of this Martyr ». Those two  letters are now kept at Risorgimento Central Museum in the Vittoriano, Rome.

 

“Dear Nino,

perhaps you understand or otherwise you will understand in a few years what my Italian duty was. I gave you, Libero a Anita and Italo to Albania names of freedom, but not only on paper; these names needed the seal and my oath I kept it. I die with the only displeasure of depriving my beloved sons of their father, but the fatherland which is the plural of father comes to your aid, and on this homeland, swear oh Nino, and you will make your brothers swaer when they will have the age to understand well, that you will always be, everywhere and above all Italians! My kisses and my blessing. Dad. Give a kiss to my mother who is the one who will suffer for me most, love your mother! and bring my greetings to my father”.

 

“Dear Nina,

I can’t but beg your pardon for leaving you alone with our five children still in need of your milk; I also know how hard you’re going to fight and struggle in order to raise and lead them on the right path, which will hopefully be the same as their father. But I have nothing much to say than I am dying satisfied for having fulfilled my duty as an Italian. Be happy, for my happiness is nothing but knowing that the Italians knew and wanted to fullfil their duty and did it. Dear soulmate, teach our children that their father was first of all an Italian, then a father and at least a man. Nazario”.

 

Buring in Tempio votivo, Lido of Venice

After  execution, which took place at 19 and 45, the body of Nazario Sauro was secretly buried at night by the Austrians in a desecrated area near military cemetery. Only at the end of war  Italian Navy succeeded in knowing the place where it had been buried and proceeded to resurrect the body and to the solemn burial, which took place the following 26th January in the cemetery of Marina di San Policarpo in Pula. On that occasion, theNavy staff Chief , Grand Admiral Paolo Thaon of Revel issued the following agenda:

The profanatory Austria had buried the sacred body of Nazario Sauro in an hidden corner of unredeemed and bleeding Pola. Today in Pula cemetery , Italian Navy has broken the promise made in memory of our greatest sea hero, giving it worthy burial. A simple and pure boulder of granite like your soul, strong as your faith, covers your remains and indicates to us over the centuries the greatness of the country.

The hanging of Sauro immediately underwent an international echo against the policy of the house of Austria. On the merits, the historian Charles Upson Clark, professor of history at Columbia University in New York, wrote: «There is a noble series of Italian personalities from Istria, whose gem is Nazario Sauro from Capodistria, the faithful sailor that in outbreak of war gave Italy his knowledge of the Istrian coasts and ports, and against who Austria gave free rein to his revenge, as he had done with Cesare Battisti, former deputy of Trent”

 

After the end of the Second World War, Istria passed under the jurisdiction of Yugoslavia and Pola, like most of Venice-Giulia. Even Sauro’s coffin, wrapped in italian flag, left Pola on board the Tuscana motorboat, towards Venice, following the same fate of many exiled. The exhumation and moving of Sauro’s body from the military cemetery was coordinated by the Italian Partisans Association in Pula. From March the  9th 1947 Nazario Sauro rests in the Votive Temple of the Lido of Venice, dedicated to all the fallen of the Great War.

 

Honors

At the end of the first year of war, during which he made 49 missions, Sauro obtained a silver medal for military valor and was awarded the honor of knight of the Crown of Italy

Gold medal for military valor for memory – ribbon for ordinary uniform Gold medal to military valor for memory.

“Having declared war on Austria, he immediately volunteered under our banner to make the contribution of his enthusiasm, his audacity and his ability to conquer the land on which he was born and who yearned to rejoin Italy. Regardless the risk he exposed himself, he took part in numerous, daring and difficult naval war missions, whose success he effectively contributed to the practical knowledge of places and always showing courage, fearless spirit and contempt of danger. Taken as prisoner, aware of the fate that awaited him, he retained, until the end, wonderfully serene behavior, and with a loud cry repeated several times before the executioner of “Long live Italy!” Exhaled the noble soul, giving incomparable example of the purest love of country”.

The gold medal for military valor to memory was given by King Vittorio Emanuele III with a decree dated 20th January 1919 and delivered to the mother of Sauro, in Pula, on 26th January 1919 on the occasion of the exhumation of the body and subsequent burial in marine cemetery.

 

Monuments

Sauro is remembered in the popular song La Canzone del Piave, mentioned together with Guglielmo Oberdan and Cesare Battisti, and in the film Fratelli d’Italia (1952). About twenty military and merchant naval units carried the name of Nazario Sauro; among these a destroyer of the Regia Marina (launched in 1925), the submarine S518 (launched in 1976) and the aircraft of Gabriele D’Annunzio (donated by the Julian-Dalmatians in 1918). The submarine Nazario Sauro, disarmed since 2002, was donated by the Navy to the Municipality of Genoa and since May 2010 has become a floating museum that can be visited at the Galata Sea Museum. In many Italian cities there is a square, a street, a promenade or other named after Nazario Sauro.
Among the most beautiful and important places, via Nazario Sauro in Naples, Campo Nazario Sauro in Venice in the Santa Croce district, the Nazario Sauro promenade in Bari (as it financed the reclamation of the coast of the Apulian capital), the quay Nazario Sauro in Ancona , the Nazario Sauro Dam in Grado, the Nazario Sauro bank in Trieste, the Nazario Sauro bridge in Ortigia (Syracuse), the small port of Nazario Sauro in Livorno, the Nazario Sauro barracks in via Lepanto in Rome.
A monument to Nazario Sauro was erected in Capodistria, the work of the sculptor Attilio Selva and the architect Enrico Del Debbio; inaugurated on 9th June 1935 in the presence of King Vittorio Emanuele III, it was dismantled by the German military command of Trieste on 22nd May 1944 and the statues sent in fusion by the Yugoslavs at the end of the Second World War.
On 10th August 1966, in Trieste, at the Maritime Station, in Piazzale Marinai d’Italia, a new monument dedicated to him was inaugurated by the sculptor Tristano Alberti, on whose base it is engraved: Nazario Sauro, son of Istria, hero of Italy.
In San Giorgio di Nogaro (Udine), a white stone block was erected in via Nazario Sauro as a ship’s rudder. On one side of the structure is the emblem of the submarines; at the feet there is a metal anchor. On the front edge of the rudder is written “N. SAURO” in large letters. A bust of Nazario Sauro was erected in Marina di Ravenna (RA) near the curve of the Candiano canal, in front of the Guardia di Finanza barracks.
The marble base shows the names of Italian submarines that made the base or departed from Porto Corsini (now Marina di Ravenna) for war actions in the conflict 1915/1918.

Intervista al Comandante dei Sommergibilisti

The experience begins with a warm and friendly welcome from Mario Berardocco, the vessel’s captain and commander of COMFLOTSOM, and from the frigate captain Antonio Tasca, public information cell chief who will accompany us throughout the morning with a running commentary. They will begin by introducing us to the museum’s hall – small but full of pieces of inestimable historical, military and even industrial value (including drawings of “Delfino”, the first Italian submarine dating back to 1892).

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This corner of history hides not only incredible technological feats, but also never-to-be-forgotten acts of heroism and sacrifice on the part of the submariners – acts that define their history. The very fact that our visit starts from here, shows just how important this centuries-old history is, and how much these values of self-sacrifice and spirit of sacrifice are still fundamental to the ethics of those seamen.
Yes, seamen, because even before being officers and commanders of men and highly technological military means, in their heart there’s a thin thread that binds them to each other, and to those who spend their own life in the “Blue giant”, even the humblest of fishermen.
This makes them even more admirable.
This initial moment of our visit is the perfect occasion for an anecdote, and so we go deeper into the details of the American aircraft carrier within torpedo range during Conus exercise.
That exercise has shown that our class Todaro submarines (batch 1e 2) match up well to the nuclear versions belonging to countries with economic resources that allow continuous investments in defence. Germans know it well, given that they share with our Navy the same type of “boat” (as the commanders who have dedicated their precious time call it), spare parts and even training. In 2012 one of their crews has been trained here in Taranto.
And the Americans know it too, after seeing the photograph of their carrier, taken from the periscope of our submarine in a fire position, that in addition to proving to have managed to evade the protection of an entire Naval Squadron, of the most powerful navy army in the world, it even managed to snatch from a senior U.S. Navy a fraternal smile of complacency between submerged colleagues.
Our hosts explain us the organization, tasks and endowment necessary in submarine life, as well as describing technical characteristics of means and especially the current roles and missions of our submarines.
Now we really realize how much this medium can be effective for many ordinary uses, well beyond the first, obvious, role of first line attack.
Or better, as in their words, the evolution of submarine use is the transition from a simple vector to a weapon, to “Advanced Sensor”.
Our newspapers do not talk about it, but there is an intense underwater work (underwater in a broad sense, since many are investigations covered by confidentiality constraints), essential to prepare, develop and support the most appropriate intervention to the case. Thanks to the optical and radar concealment capability, electromagnetic, infrared and acoustic, combined with the possibility of transmitting data in real time (images, videos, electro / acoustic signatures captured by periscope, I / R camera, AIS, hydrophone, ESM SATCOM), our submarines are today the most suitable means to consolidate their original tasks (Sea Control, Sea Denial and Naval Force Support) to which today we add new and very important ones that go far beyond the imaginary, also for purposes released from tactical use.
Among these:
-Occult presence and surveillance (ISR). On-site strategic role of investigation and protection, also in collaboration with other institutional bodies and police forces.
-Indications and Warning (I&W) role particularly useful for tracking, up to the arrest and effective identification of smugglers and pirates.
-Monitoring of illicit traffics and transhipments, fight against terrorism and environmental crimes.
Then there are the special operations (SPECOPS) that can go from the submarine rescue to the support of other Police Corps and Armed Forces also with transport of special equipment.
Last, but only by order of treatment, the very important scientific contributions, useful for the study of cetaceans and the evolution of their vital habits. To be able to live up to all these tasks, Tactical and Logistic support is essential.
We have already mentioned the collaboration with Germany about spare parts for the Todaro class submarines, which Germany is also equipped.
Relationships in this sense are so good that we can almost consider the existence of a real sharing of logistical resources, which are particularly structured by virtue of the special materials stored.
Our visit continues instead with the Training and Training Department (Som School) and for this type of institution we have already mentioned the collaboration with Germany.
Here the crews in training perform a theoretical and practical journey that starts with the Basic Submarine Training and continues with specific training differentiated by role.
The submariner will attend numerous courses in order to be able to carry out effectively and safely all subsequent on-board assignments. In order to become commander of a submarine, it is necessary to have covered every board position foreseen for the officers.
The vastness of the training is such that the second master of a submarine has medical skills such as to be able to perform an appendectomy, with only the help of the nurse on board. And we’re not even talking about a medical officer!
Training facilities allow preparation for every situation, ordinary and emergency, whilst a “Rush escape” simulator and an individual exit ensure everyone is up-to-date with emergency evacuation procedures.
A floodable room also equipped with smoke generators (called “Falla and smoke” simulator) and individual respirators enables training to analyze and solve serious but not irrecoverable problems.
Then we visit the Computer-Based-Training training rooms, the multimedia room and those instrumented identically to the real submarine to allow officers and non-commissioned officers to become familiar with the various systems and their operating procedures, without having to navigate the real boat. We will find these same devices in their exact same arrangement, first on the simulators, then on the submarines “Gazzana” and “Todaro” that await us at the piers.
But before visiting these two vessels, after having shown us also the simulator of the “Sauro class”, the COMFLOTSOM commander in chief gives us the honour of attending a short simulation of submarine diving a “Todaro class”, performed under his command. The realistic feeling is remarkable: we almost descend from the simulator with seasickness.
What most impresses and galvanizes is to observe the perfect functioning of the “chain of command”, consisting in the precise execution of orders (subject to verification) by all the professional figures involved in running one of the most modern submarines in Europe to every single order of the commander.
I make a parallel with the aeronautical world, which I know well and find something familiar, but everything is much more complex. It’s simply fantastic to see all these men who know perfectly what to do, each for their own area of responsibility, in the context of a single team, with absolute precision.
It affects above all the security and naturalness of the commander in ordering descents, turns and changes in the speed of a vehicle that moves with bat eyes in a living environment and from a non-infinite and irregular backdrop. It seems that the commander “wears” a war submarine like a second skin, and we have been catapulted into one of the scenes of “The hunt for Red October”, well aware of not being on a film set!
When we get out of the simulator, we’ll have a visit to the room where the “de-briefing” follows the simulated mission.
And here too we find something very similar to that seen in the aeronautical environment, precisely to the 61st Wing of the Air Force for the M-346.
A structure almost equal in structure and technological setting, consisting of a room perfectly equipped to review the mission just simulated, evaluate functional parameters and instrumental indications, to highlight any areas of improvement.
And finally we are moving towards the pier.
Here we visit two exponents of our submersible fleet: one per class. For the Sauro class, the “Gazzana” awaits us. Always touching the ritual of greetings between the commander of the COMFLOTSOM that guides us and the commander of the submarine that welcomes us on board with extreme cordiality.
The over 40 years of the project can be seen, above all in terms of ergonomics, but for many of the tasks we have described it is still an adequate means. We immediately notice certain solutions from other times (such as the camp beds placed exactly above the torpedoes), we also allow ourselves to make a match with the U-boat exhibited at the Deutsche Museums in Munich.
We also see the propulsion engine system: 3 diesel engines and 1 electric motor, obviously not present on the simulator, just as it is not the room where all human activities are carried out, when they are not in the navigation area when they are not occupied. Considering that we have already seen the dashboard in both the technical classrooms and the simulator, its appearance already has almost a familiar aspect, demonstrating the effectiveness of the training system developed. And this even allows us not to ask other technical details, indeed, to give us a chat in the room, in relation to the cinematographic filmography concerning the world of submarines, from K-19 to The Hunt for Red October, passing through the unforgettable U-boot 96. But we also find the time to talk about the acquired capacity of the COMFLOTSOM to carry out some minor repairs, without having to resort to external shipyards. On the other hand, it is necessary to make a virtue of necessity and so, as the average age of the crews has grown, even on the front of the management economies here in Taranto have been able to do an excellent job.
As we leave the Gazzana and climbed on the Todaro, the perception of almost half a century of technological progress is immediate. As ”civilians”, the first thing we notice is the “human” space available. But as technicians, every detail illustrated confirms the technological progress. Just to name a few, the propulsion system (a single Diesel engine and a gigantic electric car), the AIP fuel cell propulsion system (Air Indipendent Propulsion) the construction in high-strength non-magnetic steel, the initial launch of the torpedoes which occurs with a water impulse to reduce the acoustic traceability. Any regrets after this visit? Yes, two.
The first to be joined by people to be really proud of having had the privilege of knowing.
The second is to not see the same enthusiasm of those young people who dance on the notes of “In the Navy”, in approaching professions like that of the submariner, more than anything else for their leave untried the road to a life full of satisfaction and “true” values.